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Shan Tuyet Tea in Vietnam: What You Need to Know

With all the dozen varieties of teas grown in Vietnam, there are only a handful of tea varieties that are known for their sweet fragrance, smooth texture, and vibrant color - among of which is the Shan Tuyet tea. In this article, we’ll share with you all the things you need to know about Shan Tuyet tea and why is it simply popular among all other tea varieties not only from Vietnam but from all across the globe.

Whenever talking about vietnamese tea , there’s only one province in the country where the most numbers of this tea variety are coming from – and that is from SuoiGiang. The province of SuoiGiang is approximately 1,400 meters above sea level, having a cool climate all-year-round which affirms the environmental needs of tea farming or planting. The province is popular for the Shan Tuyet Tea which has been grown in the province for more than a thousand-year with its tea trees aged to more than a century.

Shan Tuyet Tea Trees

tea leaves are usually harvested from tea bushes that usually grow to not more than 1 meter. However, the Shan Tuyet Tea is harvested from trees that grow to more than 1 meter. From recent research in the tea industry of Vietnam, 40,000 Shan Tuyet Tea trees spread over a land area of 390 hectares in SuoiGiang, making it among the biggest tea farm or plantations in Asia.

Unlike the regular tea leaves, Shan Tuyet Tea is much bigger. The leaves along with the buds also have a darker shade of green, and it has a thin layer of white on its surface. This appearance of the tea leaves gave it its name “Shan Tuyet Tea” which means “tea that is covered with snow.”

Growing Shan Tuyet Tea trees

While climate is important in growing any kind of tea tree, the quality of the soil is as equally important. Also, depending on the kind of tea that is grown, there is a specific kind of soil to be used. For the best quality of tea to be produced however, it is advised to use a light, friable porous sub-soil that allows movement of water - for the case of growing Shan Tuyet Tea trees, it needs stagnant or highly intolerant water. In addition, the kind of soil that is ideal for general types of teas is the soil that has a good acidity content devoid of calcium. Additionally, the soil should also be rich in iron and with good exposure to sunlight.

All the things such as climate, soil, and water which are the basic requirements to growing good quality vegetation such as tea is all present in the province of SuoiGiang for Shan Tuyet tea trees. Also, the practices, as well as the methods of growing these tea trees, are essential. For the case of the province, the same methods as well as practices and techniques are still being used for more than centuries. This ensures that the quality of the tea is consistent, thus setting it apart from all other kinds of teas.

In over a year, the Shan Tuyet tea is harvested three times. As soon as the old leaves along with the destroyed leaves are removed from the buds, the good leaves are harvested and dried over wood stoves. For the drying process, they use a small and steady flame to dry the leaves. After the leaves have been fully dried for a specific time, the harvesters then use their hands to rub the tea until the buds as well as the leaves crumble to small sizes.

As for the unique color and fragrance of the tea leaves, the tea leaves should be brewed in water that comes from the mountain – a technique created by the tea farmers of Vietnam themselves. This ensures that the tea contains the full flavor of the land. At first, the tea will be set in a pot after rinsing with boiling water that comes from the mountain. The next process is to fill the pot with hot water to remove the bubbles. Once all the bubbles are removed or have disappeared, the lid is covered for it to simmer for a few minutes. After 10 to 15 minutes, the color and the fragrance of the tea will start to emerge and the flavor will also start to be diluted with the water.

While indeed there are many varieties of teas and there are a ton of other producers that come from various countries, there are not many other places that have a long history as well as a high level of care and passion about tea farming and harvesting as Vietnam. Adding to the Shan Tuyet, there are also a lot of other tea varieties that are unique to the country such as the Wulong tea or Oolong tea which originated from China but improved in Vietnam, the black tea, red tea, plain tea, and many others. Each of these tea varieties has its specific health benefits and each tea has a controlled level of caffeine which makes it much safer to drink than the average coffee.

Topic revision: r1 - 2021-09-04 - StafanyTaxton4
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