Great Architects and Their Famous People

edouard d espalungue

A brise soleil is a permanent sun shade. While many designs have been executed only a few have revolutionized the concept. Amongst those great architects to design brise soleils are:

1. Le Corbusier

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris was a Swiss-French artist and a pioneer of modern architecture. In addition to designing high-end furniture and urban living plans to better accommodate the poor population of crowded cities, Le Corbustier conceptualised the "five points of architecture". First the bulk of the structure is lifted off the ground, and supported by reinforced concrete stilts called pilotis. The support of the pilotis allows for a free façade and an open floor plan which can be designed without concern for walls. Le Corbusier also partnered with Iannis Xekanis to build the Sainte Marie de la Tourette, a French convent. The building has two levels and is crowned by several loggias that act as brise soleils, one for each acoustically-isolated monk's cell.

2. Santiago Calatrava Valls

Calatrava is an internationally recognised and award-winning Valencian Spanish architect, sculptor and structural engineer. One of his most famous designs is the concrete Quadracci Pavilion of the Milwaukee Art Museum and edouard d espalungue. It was his first project in the US and the very thing to put the museum on the international art map. The structure contains a moveable, wing like brise-soleil which opens up for a wingspan of 217 feet during the day, folding over the tall, arched structure at night or during rough weather. The pavilion houses a gallery for temporary exhibits, the museum's store, and its restaurant, Café Calatrava.

3. Jean Nouvel

Nouvel is a French architect who was commissioned to develop the Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris. The Institute was built after eighteen Arab countries decided together with France, that they wanted an institute where research about Arab culture could be conducted and the information disseminated.

Edouard d espalungue, a metallic screen unfolds with moving geometric motifs

The motifs are actually 240 motor-controlled chambers, which open and close every hour. They act as a brise soleil to control the light entering the building. The system creates interior spaces with filtered light- an effect that is often used in Islamic architecture as a climate coping strategy. The design of the Institut du Monde Arab has since become a cultural highlight of Paris and led Nouvel to architectural fame. Winner of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, the building houses a museum, library, auditorium, and restaurant, as well as several offices.

Architectural styles and tastes are as fickle as the breeze. Unfortunately (or fortunately, as the case may be) a home is not an item which can be changed as readily as a dress or suit of clothes. What may be considered stylish today may be viewed as passe or dated tomorrow. Some styles such as ranch house plans come and go in current architectural fashion, so what is considered stylish at one time may come to be viewed as tacky and then as quaint or in revival. Therefore, since your house is very much a reflection of who you are and how you are seen by your community, you should consider carefully the sturdiness of the architectural style you choose for your house as well as how convenient or appropriate that style is to your lifestyle. It might be good to take into consideration those architectural styles which have proven their durability over the years or centuries which never really go out of fashion. For example, the French country style has been continuously popular in America - particularly in the South - ever since the colonial period. The French concepts of design and beauty have always resonated with Americans, ever since the early American architects studied in France and returned with the French eye and French taste. Many early houses in North America were inspired directly by the buildings of Paris and the pastoral setting of the French countryside. Today, many contemporary architects look to France for its eye-catching details such as French doors which are made with many small glass panes. The French country style also features designs embossed or carved on banisters, sconces, and moldings.

The French country style originated in America with French settlers in Louisiana, who created contemporary house plans suitable for a wet, hot climate. These homes had tall porches sheltered by steep, hipped roofs. This French Creole style is still popular in the southern Mississippi Valley and along the Gulf coast. Perhaps the most distinctive feature of many French country homes is the tall second-story windows which are often arched at the top, and which rise above the eaves, breaking through the cornice. This rather unusual design for windows - quite popular on American French Provincial houses - was modeled after the stately, formal French provincial country manor houses.

These homes are usually built of brick or stucco, are symmetrical in shape with the windows balanced on either side of the entrance, and have steep, hipped roofs. The tall second-story windows contribute to the feeling of height. In Normandy and in the Loire Valley barns and farm silos were frequently attached to main living areas instead of separated. After the First World War, Americans created a romantic version of traditional French country house plans called the French Normandy style, which is distinguished by an attached round tower of stone topped with a cone shaped roof, which serves as the entrance to the house. These houses are sided with brick, stucco, or stone and usually decorated with half-timbering (horizontal, vertical, or diagonal wooden strips set in masonry).

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Topic revision: r1 - 2021-10-06 - caseycollin
 
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